Gaius Julius Caesar Rex

The Senate usually sat in session in the Curia Cornelia (which had replaced the original Curia Hostilia in 80 BC) but the consuls, or the dictator, had the right to choose any other suitable venue. On the Ides of March, 44 BC, Caesar decreed that the fathers should meet in Pompey's grand complex, newly built in the Campus Martius.

From the model in the Museo della Civiltà Romana,
E.U.R., Rome, showing Rome c. AD 300.

T i b e r

Pompey's Theatre

Temple of Venus Victrix

Porticoes of Pompey


Marcus Junius Brutus struck this coin bering his portrait to mark the assassination of the 'tyrant' Julius Caesar on the Ides of March, 44 BC.


A wall relief in the Egyptian temple at Kom Ombo is said to portray Queen Cleopatra VII Philopater (51—30 BC), who became Julius Caesar's mistress, and by whom she had a son, Ptolemy XV Caesarion. The infant had a claim on the Egyptian throne and Cleopatra's visit to Rome was thought by Caesar's enemies to be a bid to make him a prince of Rome and one day king.

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